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: .

3.2

 

堠  ⠠ 堠 젠 젠 , 頠 頠 頠 , 頠 蠠 ࠠ 蠠  ࠠ 蠠  - , .

 

젠   頠 蠠 蠠  . 堠 砠 , .

1. 젠 蠠 堠 젠 젠

蠠  ࠠ 頠 , -

젠 蠠 ࠠ -

頠 堠 蠠 .

:

⠠ 堠 ⠠ 頠 蠠 , 堠 堠

;

⠠  젠 젠 蠠  젠 ᠠ -

⠠ 蠠

, .. ⠠ 頠 , ⠠ 頠 򠠠

ࠠ 堠 (,  󠠠 -

);

堠 , 堠 -

堠  , 堠 -

󠠠 (,

򠠠 ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ );

⠠ 堠 , 堠  - 젠 , , - .

頠 򠠠 ࠠ 蠠  , -

 젠 頠 蠠 頠 ,

젠 , 頠 렠 頠 -

頠 . 頠 򠠠 ࠠ 蠠  ,

 젠 頠 蠠

젠 젠 ,

젠 , 젠  ⠠ 頠

(. 319 ʠ ). 砠 ࠠ . 428 ʠ Ԡ

,   󠠠 , -

, .

頠 򠠠

ࠠ ⠠ , ࠠ ⠠

.   頠 򠠠 -

󠠠  ࠠ 蠠 

.

 

蠠   󠠠 - -  . 頠 򠠠 ࠠ 堠 - ⠠ ⠠ 䠠 ࠠ 젠 ⠠ - 頠 , 頠 頠 頠 .

, , - 頠 . 蠠 頠 򠠠 򠠠 ⠠ 󠠠 - ⠠ 蠠 ⠠ ⠠  堠   ⠠ ,  󠠠 򠠠  ⠠ 񠠠 젠 젠 ⠠ 젠 砠 ࠠ 蠠 頠 蠠  , 󠠠 󠠠 . ࠠ 蠠   蠠 젠 񠠠 ⠠  - ⠠  󠠠 ⠠ 񠠠 - ⠠ 젠 砠 頠 , - .

2.  堠  , ⠠ - 󠠠 , 򠠠 젠 蠠 -  . ,  - , .

 󠠠 󠠠 ⠠ 蠠  ⠠ 堠 蠠 , 堠 -

⠠ 젠 , ࠠ 蠠 ꠠ 堠 ,   - 򠠠 󠠠 . 󠠠 堠 ( 蠠 ), 堠 򠠠 -  ࠠ 蠠 蠠  堠 堠 -

 . 

ࠠ ,   堠 ࠠ 蠠 -

 ࠠ  , 񠠠 -

젠 蠠 堠 .   ࠠ -

⠠ (砠 , ࠠ

) ࠠ . 󠠠 -

젠 젠 젠 ࠠ -

 蠠 頠  .

  蠠

,

 

 ࠠ   .

堠 堠  ࠠ -

 젠  , -

젠 ࠠ 򠠠  ,

堠  젠 젠 

.

頠 򠠠   -

堠  , 堠 ⠠ 䠠 , 󠠠 頠   . 堠

򠠠 , 頠 렠 , ⠠ 蠠 񠠠 - 젠 , 𠠠  , - 頠 젠  . ʠ 󠠠 - :

1) 렠 蠠  ; -

   ࠠ

,  ࠠ

;

2) 렠 蠠  , -

 ⠠ 蠠 񠠠 젠 젠  -

;

3) , 堠 󠠠 頠 -

⠠ 堠 蠠 , 堠

.

堠  堠  ࠠ -

 堠 堠 򠠠  ࠠ -

  . , 堠 ꠠ ࠠ 󠠠  堠 -

 , 蠠 򠠠 ࠠ .

堠  堠  ࠠ 頠  ࠠ  ⠠ 堠   ⠠ 頠 . 蠠

젠 젠 頠 -

.  󠠠 ,

, 砠  ࠠ ,

.

 젠  堠 -

 ࠠ 頠 䠠 򠠠 堠  -

堠  ࠠ  ᠠ 堠 ⠠ 堠 -

.

 

 ࠠ

 ࠠ

⠠ 젠 -

堠 (. 417 ʠ , . 239 ʠ , . 46

).

-, 젠

⠠ 䠠 , ⠠ 頠   堠 -

, :

堠 堠 젠 (젠 蠠  젠 - );

堠  ࠠ   , 堠 - 󠠠 젠 젠 蠠 堠 - 󠠠 䠠  , 蠠 򠠠  , 젠 ࠠ  - ; 蠠  ࠠ  - , 젠 , 򠠠 , 堠 堠 젠 - ,  ⠠ 堠  ࠠ ࠠ - 堠 堠 頠 蠠  , 򠠠  , - 젠 젠 , 堠 򠠠 - ;

⠠  ࠠ 蠠 堠 堠 蠠 젠  - ;

, ⠠ 頠   堠 -  , 堠 ࠠ 젠 젠 ࠠ ᠠ - 蠠 () 頠 蠠  蠠 堠  ࠠ   젠 - 젠 堠 ࠠ 󠠠 󠠠 蠠 - .

-, 堠 , 蠠 -

, :

𠠠 堠 젠  -

;

堠  ࠠ 򠠠

.

 ࠠ  堠

. -

 

 ࠠ  堠  ࠠ 蠠 ᠠ ⠠ 堠  ࠠ  ⠠ - , 젠 젠 젠 蠠 - 젠 젠 젠 頠 - .

砠 ⠠ 堠 ࠠ ࠠ 堠  ࠠ 堠  ⠠ 頠 , 蠠 ⠠ 頠 䠠 堠 , 蠠 ⠠ 頠 , .

3. 젠 蠠 젠  ࠠ - ꠠ 堠 , - . - ࠠ 蠠 頠 , 蠠 , 젠

, ࠠ ꠠ 堠 젠 -

( 31 , 45 ).

 󠠠 󠠠 ꠠ

ࠠ  蠠 蠠 蠠 ⠠ -

堠  ࠠ 蠠 

젠 ࠠ 

Р Π 蠠 蠠 蠠 ⠠ Р 頠 -

⠠ 蠠 黠 21 1988 ., 頠 -

⠠ , 堠 頠 󠠠

.

頠  蠠 蠠 (蠠  )  -  ࠠ ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ (, 蠠 ⠠ 頠 ),  젠 . 堠 , 頠 ⠠ 蠠 񠠠 - 젠 젠 젠 蠠 젠 젠  蠠 렠 - , (- 堠 ࠠ  젠 젠 蠠 堠 - , , ࠠ ).

()  젠 蠠 -

:

 

, ;

堠 蠠 堠 

,  堠 蠠 頠 ,

;

堠 ,  (蠠 -

 蠠 堠 ) -

堠 ࠠ ( )

( );

堠 , 堠  ࠠ

( ) 蠠 ࠠ ( -

);

 蠠 蠠 젠 젠 堠 -

  ( ࠠ 蠠

, ࠠ 蠠 . .),  蠠 蠠

;

󠠠  蠠  -

蠠 ᠠ , 񠠠

;

.

ʠ ()  堠 

  -

:

(蠠 -

젠 젠  ࠠ -

)  , 

   -

, 񠠠 젠 젠  ࠠ -

;

頠 򠠠  ,  堠 

󠠠 (蠠  堠 򠠠 砠

) ;

򠠠 ᠠ 蠠 (蠠  堠 -

ࠠ 蠠  -

 ) 񠠠 젠 젠 ࠠ 頠

;

, 砠  ,  , ⠠ -

頠  堠 蠠 堠 ࠠ 堠

, ࠠ  蠠 ⠠ 젠

;

蠠 頠 , 堠 - , ;

 

, 頠 堠 󠠠 - 蠠  蠠 蠠 蠠 ⠠  ࠠ 蠠 蠠 ⠠ - ;

, 頠 󠠠 頠 - ⠠ , 젠 젠 - .

ʠ 蠠 ⠠ 堠   (   , 堠  ⠠ - ⠠  , .. ,   󠠠 젠 젠 - ), 蠠 젠 젠 頠 , :

젠 젠 堠 堠 堠 堠 蠠  젠 젠 - ;

堠 堠  젠 堠  젠 젠 񠠠 .

堠 (蠠 頠 )   ࠠ - , .

 ()  蠠 蠠 蠠 ⠠ - 堠   ࠠ - ⠠ 젠 蠠 頠 . 䠠 , ⠠ ,  蠠 蠠 堠  - . ࠠ , 젠 蠠 蠠 堠  , 堠 .

䠠 򠠠 ⠠ 蠠 蠠 蠠 ⠠  ࠠ 蠠 蠠 ⠠ - , :

堠  󠠠 , ࠠ 蠠 , ;

, ⠠ 頠  , 堠  蠠 젠 젠 ࠠ  - 蠠 蠠 堠 ࠠ 蠠  젠 ;

 

堠 ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 񠠠 젠 - 젠 頠 蠠 蠠 젠 - 젠 ꠠ 頠 蠠 ࠠ ;

堠 ⠠ 󠠠 堠 ࠠ 頠 , 堠  󠠠 󠠠 , ;

ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ ⠠ 頠 蠠 -

  蠠 堠 ,  젠 堠 -

堠 蠠 젠 堠 ,  

  ࠠ  󠠠 ⠠ -

젠 , 蠠 䠠 ⠠ 頠 蠠

렠 ꠠ 󠠠 󠠠 堠  󠠠 蠠 堠 ,  젠 堠 堠 蠠  젠 堠 -

;

ꠠ ꠠ 蠠

ࠠ ꠠ 蠠 򠠠 ꠠ 堠 -

;

堠  ࠠ 򠠠 ᠠ 󠠠 蠠 蠠  -

󠠠 󠠠 頠 蠠 ( 젠 蠠 堠 젠 젠 - ).

,  ,  ࠠ -

 ࠠ  󠠠 堠 : -, 堠   -

ࠠ ⠠    - ; -,  ࠠ (   - ).

4. 젠 砠 ⠠  堠  ࠠ 蠠 蠠 -

. 젠 젠  ࠠ - , - , , .

 . 3 . 46 蠠 頠 ⠠

堠 堠 ⠠ 蠠 񠠠 蠠 ,

蠠 蠠 蠠 頠 ,

 

, - 頠 ( 렠 堠 - , ࠠ 堠 堠 蠠 - 堠 堠 ࠠ ). ⠠  堠 ⠠ 䠠 ࠠ 젠 젠 , 頠 . 򠠠 ࠠ 蠠 蠠  .

򠠠 䠠 , ⠠ ꠠ 򠠠 ࠠ 頠 ⠠ 蠠 䠠 蠠 . ʠ 󠠠 , , - 頠 䠠  젠 ࠠ (頠 ꠠ ), 򠠠 ⠠ ࠠ , 򠠠  ࠠ - .

򠠠 ,  蠠 - -  頠 ⠠ 젠 . , 젠 蠠  -  ࠠ 蠠 - , .

頠 򠠠 堠 -

:

, ;

⠠ , 蠠 頠 򠠠 -

  ,  -

ࠠ 蠠   , -

  堠 ⠠ ࠠ -

堠 蠠 ࠠ (

);

堠 蠠 ,  󠠠 -

;

ࠠ  , ,

蠠  堠 蠠 -

;

堠 蠠 ࠠ

, ; , , -

 ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ -

, , , ; -

 

- ;

;

;

.

頠 򠠠 ⠠ 蠠 ࠠ

 , 堠  蠠

頠 󠠠 -

頠 򠠠 蠠 堠 ࠠ  堠    ,

- . 頠 򠠠 頠 蠠 - .

ࠠ 蠠 -

蠠  ࠠ ,  򠠠 -

頠 򠠠 堠  򠠠 ⠠ 堠

 . 蠠 -

頠 堠 򠠠 頠 蠠 ⠠ 頠 堠 -

.

 

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