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:

: .

3.4

 

, ,

-

堠 

-

⠠ 頠 -

.

1. 堠 ᠠ -

, 堠 ⠠ , 젠 頠 16 -

.

堠 ᠠ ⠠ 򠠠 , -

蠠 ꠠ .  -

, , ,

 

蠠 ,  , () ⠠ 󠠠 蠠 - 蠠 . ʠ 󠠠 󠠠 頠  , 堠 젠 -

𠠠 ,  ᠠ , 蠠 蠠 ࠠ 頠 堠 򠠠 堠 ࠠ , 堠 蠠 蠠 ⠠ ⠠ 젠 - . 81 .

堠 ᠠ 堠 ⠠ ⠠ 堠 蠠 ⠠ 蠠 񠠠 젠 젠 - .

蠠 堠 젠 ᠠ 堠 󠠠 -

󠠠 蠠 󠠠 󠠠 󠠠

 򠠠 , 堠 堠

 젠 ⠠ 젠 堠  -

, ࠠ 堠 ࠠ 蠠 蠠 -

.

蠠 ꠠ ⠠  ᠠ -

堠 ⠠ 젠 . -

: ⠠ ꠠ () ,

 ; ⠠ 頠 頠 , -

頠 ; ⠠ 頠 頠 , -

頠 ; 젠 , ࠠ -

堠 蠠 ,   -

.   蠠 ᠠ 堠 ⠠ 򠠠 -

.

2. 蠠  젠 ,

.

蠠  젠 , 󠠠 -

  , .

383391 .

蠠  젠 젠 

⠠ 蠠 () 砠  ࠠ -

頠 ⠠ 蠠 -

. 堠 蠠 򠠠 ꠠ ⠠

蠠 ⠠ , ꠠ 蠠 ⠠ 堠 -

.

 

 젠 젠 蠠 򠠠 - . -堠 堠 蠠  젠 젠 .  젠 젠 蠠 - .

(),

,

, ,

,

 

 
 젠  ࠠ , :

 

;

⠠ 蠠 , -

;

, , ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 蠠

, ;

  蠠  (

, );

(堠 ⠠ ໠

).

堠 蠠  젠 젠 򠠠 -

⠠ 堠 頠  蠠 , -

ࠠ .   ⠠ -

ꠠ  젠 젠 򠠠 -

󠠠 , 젠

 .   堠 , 蠠 -

ꠠ 蠠 ⠠ 頠 ꠠ 񠠠 -

.

堠  堠 

:

堠 (), ,

, , , 蠠

;

󠠠 ⠠ 蠠 ࠠ , ;

, , ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 蠠 , ;

 蠠  ( 頠 ࠠ -

, );

.

ࠠ 蠠 ,  頠  -

젠 蠠  堠 堠  -

,

 

蠠  젠 젠 ⠠ 堠 ⠠ .

  ࠠ 젠  -

 ࠠ  젠 젠 

, , .

3. 堠 ⠠ 젠 堠 ,

堠 , 

⠠ 頠 ࠠ 蠠 頠 頠 蠠  -

젠 蠠 젠 蠠 ⠠ 蠠 ࠠ ࠠ 頠

.

堠  򠠠 젠 -

젠 頠

. 蠠 򠠠 ࠠ -

 , 蠠 蠠 蠠 ( , , 頠 -

頠 ) ⠠ ⠠ 젠 堠 堠 - ⠠ 񠠠 ⠠ . 蠠 蠠 젠 񠠠 - ⠠ ⠠ 砠 ()

ࠠ ࠠ 蠠 蠠 砠 ⠠

.

젠 젠 (. 46

ʠ ), ࠠ 堠 젠 젠 (⠠ ,

, 󠠠  ). 堠

 񠠠 ⠠ ,

堠 蠠 ⠠ 蠠 񠠠 - 蠠 . 젠 젠 젠 , 堠 堠  젠 ,  ࠠ  堠 蠠 蠠

ࠠ 젠 堠 .   젠 堠 ꠠ (

) ⠠ 頠 ꠠ 򠠠 , -

򠠠 ⠠ 頠 堠 堠  -

젠 蠠 ⠠ 񠠠 頠  -

蠠 (蠠  젠 )  堠

() ࠠ 젠 堠 . 堠  򠠠 -

젠 蠠 򠠠 ꠠ -

.

 

 ,  ⠠ 蠠 . 1 . 7 -  ࠠ ᠠ 젠 廠 堠 - - ⠠  ⠠ , ࠠ - 젠 젠 젠 堠 .   , 頠 頠 ⠠ 蠠 񠠠 젠 젠 蠠  - 젠 젠 , 砠 蠠 - -.

4. ( ), ࠠ ᠠ -

.

堠 頠 蠠 - , 頠 ࠠ 堠 - 젠 렠  . ᠠ - 蠠 򠠠 蠠 , ࠠ

堠 蠠  - . 頠 蠠 (ࠠ 젠 - ) 堠 , , . 堠

 蠠 , - , - 蠠 -蠠  - .

  堠 頠 :

;

 젠 蠠 , 젠 蠠 젠  - ( 򠠠  - ,  젠 - 1 1998 .)1.

 

1 .: 堠  ࠠ Ԡ 򠠠 1 1998 . 97-0 //

. 1998. 35. . 4464.

 

 ࠠ ࠠ  堠 , 堠 堠 젠 - .

( ), ࠠ ᠠ , - 젠 Ԡ ᠠ - , ࠠ 堠 蠠 蠠 蠠 . , ࠠ ᠠ , - .

5.  - -

.

蠠 젠 -

  ⠠ 젠 , 蠠 堠  ⠠ -

. - ,   . ࠠ  ࠠ ᠠ 젠 廠 ⠠ -

堠 ࠠ 򠠠 , , -

堠  -  蠠

(. 85 蠠 87), 堠  蠠  -

ࠠ (. 1 . 81), 堠  蠠 ⠠  -

頠 (. 4 . 84) 蠠 堠 -

.

⠠ -

젠 젠 ᠠ 젠 , 堠

. 8 蠠 88 堠 , 堠 ꠠ -

젠 -.   ,

젠 -젠

-

.

6. ⠠ ⠠ ,

.

頠 ⠠ . 7 Ǡ ᠠ 젠

. -

 

젠 젠  .

頠 𠠠 ⠠ - 堠  , 蠠 堠 頠 򠠠 젠 -  .   , 堠 -, ࠠ 堠 ⠠ 堠 -⠠ -

 󠠠 蠠 -

, 頠 ࠠ

񠠠

16

蠠  .

,

젠 ⠠ . 7 Ǡ ᠠ 젠 ,

 

.

⠠ 頠 堠 , ࠠ

ࠠ 堠   -

ࠠ  蠠 ꠠ 󠠠  ,  򠠠

頠 蠠 ࠠ ,

.

堠  򠠠 ,  , -

ࠠ ⠠

򠠠 젠 ⠠ -

堠  ࠠ 堠 -

. ࠠ 򠠠 -

頠 頠 蠠 젠 -

頠 蠠 堠  -

󠠠 , ⠠ -젠 -

, ࠠ 堠 ⠠ 蠠 . -

 ࠠ 堠 蠠 :

頠 頠

, , , 堠  , ࠠ -  ࠠ 1. -  , ⠠ - 젠 頠 頠 , - 젠 젠  - .

 

1 .. ꠠ  頠 // . 1966. 15. . 1516.

 

ʠ 젠 젠 򠠠 堠 蠠 砠 -   .   . 93 ⠠ - ࠠ 頠 蠠  堠 , , 젠 젠 젠 頠 蠠 . , ࠠ 蠠 젠 蠠 젠 - , - ⠠ 堠  堠 - , ࠠ ࠠ 蠠 , , - 蠠 ⠠ 堠  , 蠠 젠 - (. 94 ).

 󠠠 󠠠 頠 䠠 Ԡ 렠 - 堠 .  . 13 . 1 . 35 蠠 . 89 ࠠ 頠 蠠  , - . 5 . 1 . 1 . 91 - , 񠠠 򠠠 ࠠ , - 蠠 蠠 頠 蠠 䠠 , - 젠 蠠 ࠠ 򠠠 , - 蠠 젠 頠 , 蠠 , 蠠 蠠 蠠 蠠 蠠 蠠 , ࠠ 堠 蠠 . 堠  - 頠 蠠 ࠠ ⠠ 蠠  . 93 ⠠ - ⠠ , 젠 젠 - 젠 젠 頠 蠠 , 堠 򠠠 ࠠ ꠠ 젠 .  . 8 . 1 . 7 , - ,  蠠 蠠 , .

砠 頠 ⠠ 頠 蠠 ,  젠 젠 젠 - 頠 蠠 . 䠠 ,  . 1 蠠 3 . 16, . 4 5 . 41 . 1 . 48 - 頠 蠠  堠 堠 堠 - -

 

.   - 蠠 񠠠 . 2 . 49 ⠠ 򠠠 .

. 2, 3, 4 6 . 9, . 4 . 20 . 5 . 21 Ǡ - 젠 廠 ,   ࠠ 堠 ⠠ ࠠ 젠 ࠠ 蠠 - 頠 蠠 蠠 堠 頠 蠠 .   젠 堠 ࠠ ꠠ ࠠ (⠠ 蠠 젠 젠 - -젠 𠠠  ), ꠠ 蠠 򠠠 (⠠ 蠠 񠠠 젠  - ⠠ - 蠠 ). 蠠 堠 , 蠠 蠠  , ꠠ 蠠 ,  򠠠 , 1.

 

1 .: 堠  ࠠ 頠 蠠 ᠠ 堠 蠠 ꠠ ࠠ   ࠠ . ࠠ 堠 蠠 ࠠ 2 蠠 339 ʠ , ࠠ 13

35, 頠 89 蠠 93 ⠠ ࠠ 頠 蠠 

򠠠 6 2001 . // ꠠ  ࠠ 頠 .

2002. 2.

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