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:

: .

7.4

 

, 蠠 堠 蠠 - 堠 蠠 堠 砠 - .

頠 頠 ⠠ 蠠 ⠠ - ⠠  ࠠ ࠠ XI - .

頠 ⠠ 蠠 -

⠠ ⠠ ⠠ 堠  ࠠ

.  ⠠ 젠 ⠠ -

.

   . 90  ᠠ -

젠 廠 ࠠ  -

  , -

 젠 , 蠠 砠 ⠠ 蠠 -

, ⠠ 젠 堠 ࠠ 砠 ⠠ 堠 -

-, 젠 蠠 젠 򠠠 -

ࠠ ࠠ ⠠ 頠 䠠  󠠠

- ⠠ 頠 ꠠ 

( ).

 (蠠 򠠠 

 ࠠ ⠠ 堠 -

, ,

 

) ࠠ ࠠ 堠 頠 - 젠 -젠 蠠 砠 ⠠ 蠠 , - , ⠠ 頠 蠠  󠠠 -  - 堠 ⠠ ꠠ  (ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 - ).

堠 堠 ⠠ . 441 Ԡ 蠠 ⠠ . 329 ʠ . 蠠 젠 堠 Ԡ ( ) ⠠ 頠 䠠 頠 () - -頠  蠠 頠 () 蠠 蠠  - ,  젠 . ࠠ  . 20  ࠠ 頠 蠠 Π - , -  ࠠ 頠 軠 9 2002 .

 ,

頠 -

1.   䠠 頠 蠠  -

-

 

 
11.   , ⠠ , ,  . 90 ࠠ ᠠ 젠 廠 ࠠ , ࠠ ᠠ 蠠 頠 蠠 頠 -  - 蠠 蠠 頠  󠠠 , 󠠠 - 젠 , ࠠ 堠 ⠠ , , 堠 , ࠠ -  -, 堠 񠠠

 

 , ࠠ 젠 ,  砠 . 22 蠠 441 ʠ Ԡ 蠠 . 90 - .

堠 堠 頠 -

 ࠠ  堠  ࠠ 堠 ⠠ 䠠 頠

頠 (蠠 ) ⠠ 頠 , -

⠠  , 頠

(. 46 ).

 

1 . 2003. 2.

 

ʠ , ⠠ 젠 堠 堠 - , ⠠ 젠 堠 . 󠠠 ࠠ  ᠠ ࠠ ()  -- .

砠 ࠠ 頠 . 90 

ᠠ 젠 廠  ,

⠠ 젠 堠 򠠠 ꠠ 堠 堠  ࠠ 젠 -

젠 , ꠠ 蠠 堠 젠 - 堠 . 堠  堠 - 頠 砠 ⠠ 堠 . 蠠 , ꠠ , 蠠 ⠠ 堠 -

. 蠠 堠 堠

- 젠 󠠠

ࠠ 蠠 堠 ⠠  -

ࠠ 堠 򠠠 (堠 , 堠  , -

 򠠠  -

),  񠠠 , -

, , 砠 , ⠠

.

⠠ 蠠 ⠠ ⠠ -

 ࠠ 򠠠 頠 -

⠠ 堠 頠 . , 򠠠

񠠠   堠 ࠠ 堠  .

, . 90 젠 廠 堠 򠠠 頠  - 蠠   . - 젠 򠠠 堠  -

-, 堠 젠 堠 -

 , 𠠠  -

 . 젠 蠠 堠 -

 ࠠ  -

⠠ 젠 , ⠠ 蠠 젠 -

 ࠠ    (蠠 ) -

.

 

  蠠 . 1 . 90  ࠠ ᠠ - 젠 , ࠠ ⠠ 堠 -  ( ࠠ ⠠ ). 蠠  堠  젠 젠  蠠 蠠 堠 젠 -- 젠 ⠠ 堠  ࠠ (ᠠ ⠠ 蠠  ),  堠 ࠠ ࠠ -  ࠠ  , ࠠ .

  堠 堠 ࠠ -  ,  蠠 ࠠ  -. 堠 堠 - ⠠ 堠 24 蠠 ⠠ 堠 VII ʠ ,  젠 - 堠 , 蠠 ⠠ . 441

ʠ . 젠 젠 , 젠 - 񠠠  .  蠠 - 頠 , ࠠ 堠 (

)  頠 - .   ,  ࠠ 堠 򠠠 젠 - 砠 蠠 젠 - .

 ࠠ ⠠ 堠

蠠 ࠠ  堠 蠠 . -

. 1 . 329 . 4 . 198 ʠ , -

蠠  ࠠ 򠠠 -

젠  蠠 젠 젠 

頠 堠 ࠠ ࠠ 堠 頠 -

 -  ,

.

蠠 蠠 ࠠ ࠠ ࠠ 󠠠

 , 蠠 蠠  蠠 -

堠 堠  -

, 렠 蠠 젠 젠  -

蠠 蠠 堠 頠 蠠 .., -

󠠠 򠠠  򠠠 蠠 -

-.

 

ࠠ ࠠ  - - ⠠ 頠 䠠   - -. 砠  , ࠠ ࠠ  - 堠 ࠠ 򠠠 - ⠠ 젠 , 頠 렠   - , - 頠 , 蠠 蠠 頠 젠 -젠 , .

- 堠 . 蠠 , ꠠ ꠠ , 蠠 ࠠ 蠠 堠 - 蠠 ()  - , 򠠠 蠠 ,  - 堠   ,  ࠠ 蠠

 ࠠ 렠 頠 .

堠 , 󠠠 󠠠 򠠠 蠠 ,

堠 ࠠ  렠 頠 .

ࠠ  - 堠

 񠠠 젠  ࠠ

ࠠ ࠠ 頠 堠  -

ࠠ 󠠠 ⠠ 젠 , 젠 

() -.

  堠  堠  蠠 -

 -

蠠  蠠 蠠  頠 蠠

(), ࠠ 堠 堠 , 堠 젠 .   , -

ᠠ 젠 堠 ( - , , ࠠ 蠠  ), ⠠ 蠠 젠 - -, , . ࠠ ࠠ

蠠 堠 堠 蠠 堠

() 蠠 ࠠ  -

젠 蠠 堠 젠 -

.   , ⠠ , ⠠ 頠 堠 , -

蠠 堠 堠 堠 ,

젠  堠 򠠠 () 蠠 򠠠  --

.

 

()

-

(. 329

 

 
ʠ 堠 ⠠ . 126 , ࠠ 堠 , 堠 - 堠 蠠 蠠 ⠠ - 蠠 젠  - . , 蠠  堠  ࠠ  -- .

 

)

堠   ᠠ -

頠 -頠

 ⠠ , 堠 頠 頠  -

⠠ , ꠠ ࠠ -

(. 1 . 200 ).

 頠 堠 ࠠ  젠 ࠠ -

 - ,

砠 , 蠠 蠠

堠 , -

.

򠠠  ࠠ

, 頠 , 堠 蠠

-.

-, 䠠 젠

󠠠 ⠠ 堠 堠  -

, 蠠 ,  ⠠ -

堠 , ࠠ 堠

(. 3 . 200 ).

-, ࠠ  -

蠠  (-

,  ), 堠 󠠠  頠 堠 򠠠  -

(. 5 6 . 200 ).

 젠

򠠠 堠 ⠠  . 201 蠠 

20 ʠ . 蠠 젠 堠 堠 򠠠 -

󠠠 , 蠠 䠠 堠 򠠠 

(. 7 . 201 ).

 

蠠  , 蠠 堠 堠  蠠  ࠠ  - .

頠 頠 ⠠ 蠠 ⠠ 堠 - , - .   蠠 . 2 . 90

廠 , 頠 젠 -젠 젠

, , 젠 젠 .  蠠 ࠠ  ⠠ 젠 堠 젠 頠 . 16 蠠 1064 ʠ . , 󠠠 蠠 󠠠 󠠠 ⠠ 堠

頠 ()  -, ⠠

堠 ⠠ 堠 젠 堠 

蠠 󠠠 󠠠 󠠠 󠠠 , -

.

ࠠ ⠠ 񠠠 . 2 . 90

 ࠠ ᠠ 젠 , 堠 젠 . 1064 蠠 1069 ʠ Ԡ -

젠 ⠠ -  - .   堠  ࠠ  젠 :

1) 򠠠 蠠 , 頠 𠠠 ࠠ ( ꠠ 蠠 , ࠠ 堠 頠 ᠠ

);

2) 堠 -頠 蠠

()  - 蠠

;

3) 頠 ()  -

- 蠠 堠  젠 ࠠ -

.

  堠 򠠠  ࠠ  -

蠠 ࠠ ⠠ 젠 堠 堠 򠠠

( -).

蠠 񠠠 젠  蠠 ࠠ  蠠 頠 ,  ⠠

. 28

 

젠  , 젠 ⠠ - 堠 II ʠ , ࠠ 堠 ⠠ 堠 頠 - -. , -  , 򠠠 堠  - 蠠 ,  󠠠 젠 -- , , .

蠠 䠠 ꠠ ᠠ 蠠 - 頠 蠠  蠠 ,  - 蠠 蠠 ()  - 堠  , 򠠠 . :

1) 頠 ᠠ , 堠 , 堠  -

,  蠠  򠠠 蠠

, ,

2) 堠 , 堠

  蠠  ,

;

3) 䠠 堠 蠠 堠 -

, 堠 󠠠 , 蠠 

堠 ࠠ  蠠 ࠠ

󠠠 堠 堠 , 堠

.

   . 16 ʠ Ԡ , 堠 -

󠠠 蠠 󠠠 󠠠 ⠠ 堠 -

頠 () , ⠠

蠠 , ⠠ 젠 -

堠 堠  󠠠 蠠 󠠠

󠠠 ࠠ  ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ  -

, 򠠠 頠 ,

젠 堠 젠 蠠 젠 -

. ꠠ ꠠ ࠠ -頠 -

젠 젠 頠 ,

 젠  蠠 ,  -

蠠 蠠 ()  -

⠠ 堠  ࠠ 򠠠 -

.

堠 堠 

 ⠠ ⠠ 蠠

⠠  ,

.

 

91  ࠠ ᠠ 젠 - 廠 ,  堠 蠠 ꠠ  蠠 頠 񠠠 - ࠠ , 堠 頠  堠 頠 .   堠 ࠠ ⠠ 蠠 ⠠ - ⠠ 젠 堠 , ࠠ 堠 ⠠ . 蠠  頠 堠 򠠠 堠 , 堠 ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ 蠠 ⠠ 蠠 񠠠 - 젠 ࠠ 堠 񠠠 ࠠ 젠 ⠠  ,  堠 , , - .

頠 򠠠 , , ࠠ 蠠 , ⠠ 堠 - ࠠ ⠠ , ࠠ - 頠 (, , , , - 2 , ࠠ  - , ).

堠 , ࠠ ⠠ 򠠠 堠 ࠠ  ,  ⠠ . 91  - ࠠ 젠 廠 ⠠ 頠 񠠠 ࠠ , 堠 - 頠  堠 , 頠 렠 - , ( ),  堠 堠 頠 - 1.

ࠠ 蠠 頠 頠 砠  ࠠ - , 蠠 ࠠ 蠠 ࠠ 蠠  2. - 󠠠 蠠 ࠠ ⠠ , -

 

1 .: 堠 ࠠ Ѡ Ԡ 29 ࠠ 2002 . 10103/01 //

. 2002. 8. . 84-86.

2 .: 堠 ࠠ   ࠠ 頠 -

29 2002 . 10103/01 // Ѡ . 2002. 8. . 84

86.

 

頠 堠 렠 堠 󠠠 .  堠 򠠠 蠠 ꠠ - , ࠠ ⠠ 󠠠 ࠠ  堠 - , 𠠠 젠 - , 頠 ࠠ 頠  ࠠ (. 4  - ).

, .. . , 堠 - ⠠ 񠠠 蠠 ࠠ  - , - 頠 ࠠ 򠠠 , ࠠ 堠 - , ꠠ ꠠ 堠 ࠠ 蠠 . 91  -

ࠠ ᠠ 젠 廠 堠 堠

ࠠ  ࠠ 蠠 蠠  ꠠ -

.

蠠 젠 򠠠 -

.

堠 젠 젠 ⠠ 蠠 蠠 ⠠ 堠  -

ࠠ ꠠ ᠠ 蠠 ࠠ ࠠ ᠠ 蠠 ࠠ 砠 . 92  - ࠠ ᠠ 젠 廠 ,  堠 ,  񠠠 , ࠠ 堠 , -

堠 堠 蠠 蠠 堠 ⠠ 䠠 젠

蠠 ࠠ 򠠠 ࠠ 蠠 蠠  砠 -

. 򠠠  堠 ⠠ 蠠 젠

蠠 , 堠 젠

젠 , 堠 ⠠ 堠

ࠠ  ࠠ   󠠠 .

, , 젠 蠠  - , - , ,  ࠠ  젠 󠠠 蠠 젠 -

.

 蠠 ࠠ 蠠 蠠 -

 ࠠ 򠠠 蠠 蠠 -

, -

 

, 堠 , 堠 - .

  젠 堠 ࠠ ⠠ 堠 -

 ࠠ ,  . 90 -

 ࠠ ᠠ 젠 ,

젠 ࠠ ꠠ 蠠

ࠠ ࠠ  , 򠠠 ࠠ  . 92

 ࠠ ᠠ 젠 , .

  堠 ࠠ  蠠 - , ࠠ 堠  , 堠 (, 堠  젠 蠠 堠 - ,  堠 ࠠ   - ) 堠 ⠠ 䠠 젠

ࠠ 򠠠 ࠠ 蠠 ᠠ 蠠

.

렠 ᠠ

ࠠ  󠠠 󠠠 񠠠 젠 . 22

. 27 28 .

ꠠ ᠠ 蠠 ࠠ 򠠠 ࠠ 蠠  砠 蠠 򠠠 : 젠  -

ࠠ 蠠 젠 젠 젠 젠  - , .. 젠 젠  , - 젠 젠 蠠 ; 蠠 蠠  - ; , 蠠 ⠠ 젠 堠 砠 堠 . 980 ʠ . 蠠 젠 頠

򠠠 ⠠ 젠 堠 ⠠

. ꠠ 堠 򠠠 젠 ࠠ 堠 -

ࠠ  ࠠ ⠠ 堠 . 92 -

 ࠠ ᠠ 젠 . 򠠠 -

⠠ 䠠  -

󠠠 ࠠ ࠠ (, ⠠ 堠 ࠠ ࠠ , ࠠ 堠 堠  -

) 蠠  .  堠 - 젠 ⠠ , 젠 . 90 - .

蠠 ᠠ 蠠 ࠠ 򠠠 ࠠ 蠠  砠 蠠 ꠠ , 

, ,

 

 . 젠 , 蠠  -  ꠠ 蠠 , ࠠ ꠠ - - 蠠 ꠠ 젠 젠 .

堠  堠 򠠠 -  ⠠ 蠠 ⠠ ᠠ 蠠 - ࠠ 򠠠 ࠠ 蠠 蠠  砠 蠠 , - .

  堠 ࠠ ᠠ 蠠 ࠠ ࠠ 蠠 蠠  砠 蠠 堠 -  򠠠 󠠠 (. 7 . 20

).

ᠠ 蠠 ࠠ 򠠠

 젠 젠  . 蠠 젠 堠

, 蠠 򠠠 ⠠ 堠 ࠠ 蠠

堠 ࠠ  ࠠ 蠠 -

.

  ᠠ 蠠 -

 ᠠ 蠠 ࠠ 򠠠 ࠠ 蠠 -

蠠  砠 , 頠 ⠠ 堠

, ⠠ 젠 , 堠 -

  򠠠 . 堠 -

 , 堠 堠 ࠠ 򠠠  -

.

蠠 堠 򠠠 

򠠠 젠   蠠 堠 -

, 䠠 ࠠ 蠠 堠  -

堠  ࠠ  堠 , ࠠ 蠠  -

  堠 頠 , 頠  -

.

頠 ꠠ 堠 ⠠ - - ࠠ  蠠 ࠠ ,  (蠠 ) .   蠠  . 93 - 廠  ࠠ  蠠 堠   蠠  , 頠 蠠 頠 󠠠 - -

 

젠 젠 頠 , 򠠠 񠠠 蠠  ࠠ 頠 , ⠠ 蠠  , ⠠ - , 젠 젠 젠 - .

  堠  ࠠ (-  , 蠠  젠 - ,  ࠠ 蠠 堠 ) - , ࠠ 򠠠 蠠 堠 , :  堠 頠 頠 , 堠 󠠠  - . , , -  ࠠ ꠠ , ࠠ 堠 - 頠  ࠠ 򠠠 ( ), .

򠠠 󠠠 - ⠠ ࠠ 蠠 ⠠   蠠 -  ࠠ ⠠ 䠠 젠  蠠 -  堠 󠠠 󠠠  ࠠ  ࠠ 蠠 ⠠ 堠 ࠠ   蠠   ࠠ (. 74 - ).

ࠠ ࠠ -, 頠 ꠠ 렠  蠠 . , ࠠ 젠 .

 젠 ⠠ 蠠 頠 - ⠠ 堠 堠 頠 -:  -  ,   ࠠ 蠠 . - , -  ⠠ 젠 堠 , ࠠ - - 蠠 젠 젠 젠 - ⠠   ࠠ . 93 

ᠠ 젠 廠 򠠠 -

 

󠠠 頠 , 젠 ⠠ 蠠 -  , 񠠠 젠  蠠 񠠠 - ,  蠠 頠  .

頠 ꠠ  젠 젠 - 蠠 蠠 蠠 ⠠ 䠠 頠 蠠 蠠 - ⠠ 젠 , 젠 젠 - .

蠠 ⠠ 젠 堠 򠠠 砠 䠠  ,  堠 堠 -  堠  頠 ,  蠠 - , - , , ⠠ 젠 , 젠 - - .

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